DOI: https://doi.org/10.20998/%x

The protection of animals in Poland. A legal and social problem

Teresa Gardocka

Анотація


The problem regards relating to the various groups of animals in danger of extinction: domestic animals, animals used during entertainment events (circuses), animals, kept by people usually in order to provide a company and sometimes due to the specific needs (e.g. guide dogs for the blind), livestock, game animals, experimental (laboratory) animals, as well as fish and insects in order to protect a biodiversity, and also for the educational mission addressed primarily to the young people. Legislative, social and religious aspects of a problem are investigated. At present the European law plays an important role in the problem of protection of animals. For instance: the Polish statute is undergoing a process of changes connected to the necessity of implementation of the European Union directive regarding the protection of experimental animals because the internal law of the State members should be in conformity with the European acts.

The main idea of the article is based on the statement that an animal is not a thing but a living creature able to feel suffering and the human society must feel and reduce these sufferings. The author stresses that the low level of social acceptance for the requirement of the humanitarian treatment of animals constitutes a problem.

Special relevance of the article is a society doesn't understand why one should take care of the animal welfare, does not accept spending money on it and does not show any empathy for animals. Killing of a homeless animal is easily justified socially while a movement in favor of animals, especially among young people, requires a change of the old provisions neglecting the animal rights.


Ключові слова


protection of animals; European Union; domestic animals; livestock

Повний текст:

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Посилання


Rollin B.E. Animal Rights and Human Morality, Prometheus Books 1992.

Regan Т. Defending Animal Rights, University of Illinois Press 2001.

Mozgawa М. Prawnokarna ochrona zwierząt, Lublin 2001 (in Polish).

Łętowska Е. Dwa cywilnoprawne aspekty praw zwierzat: dereifikacja i personifikacja (w:) Studia z prawa prywatnego. Ksiega pamiatkowa ku czci Profesor Biruty Lewaszkiewicz=Petrykowskiej, Łódź 1997 (in Polish).


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